Wednesday, June 24, 2015

RELIGIOUS ART - Drawings from the Bible by the Old Masters! Giovanni Francesco Barbieri, Joseph and Potiphar’s Wife

Giovanni Francesco Barbieri, called il Guercino
CENTO 1591 - 1666 BOLOGNA
A FEMALE NUDE LOOKING TO THE RIGHT, HALF LENGTH, RESTING HER RIGHT ARM ON A CUSHION - Joseph and Potiphar’s Wife
Red chalk
247 by 220 mm

A preparatory study for the reclining figure of Potiphar’s wife in Guercino's painting, Joseph and Potiphar’s wife, in the National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. The painting was commissioned in 1649 by a patron and friend of Guercino from Reggio Emilia, Aurelio Zanoletti.  In Guercino's account book, the Libro dei conti, there is an entry for 25th August 1649, recording a payment from Zanoletti to Guercino, for ‘il quadro della fuga di Gioseppe…’. More

Joseph and Potiphar’s Wife. According to the Book of Genesis 39:1–20, Joseph was bought as a slave by the Egyptian Potiphar, an officer of the Pharaoh. Potiphar's Wife tried to seduce Joseph, who eluded her advances. As Joseph repelled her attempt to lure him into her bed, she grabbed him by his coat: "And it came to pass about this time, that Joseph went into the house to do his business; and there was none of the men of the house there within. And she caught him by his garment, saying, Lie with me: and he left his garment in her hand, and fled, and got him out" (Genesis 39: 11–12). John Calvin characterized her "impure and dissolute look", her eyes as "torches to inflame the heart with lust." Citing his garment as evidence, Potiphar's wife falsely accused Joseph of having assaulted her, and he was sent to prison. More

Giovanni Francesco Barbieri (February 8, 1591 – December 22, 1666), best known as Guercino, or Il Guercino, was an Italian Baroque painter and draftsman from the region of Emilia, and active in Rome and Bologna. He was born in Cento, a village between Bologna and Ferrara. Mainly self-taught, at the age of 16, he worked as apprentice in the shop of Benedetto Gennari, a painter of the Bolognese School. More