Monday, April 17, 2017

20 Menological Orthodox Calendar Icons from the Bible, with footnotes, #17

Some Saints and Feasts of the Orthodox Christian Church

"As the prophets beheld, as the Apostles have taught, as the Church has received, as the Teachers have dogmatised, as the Universe has agreed, as Grace has shown forth, as Truth has revealed, as falsehood has been dissolved, as Wisdom has presented, as Christ awarded, thus we declare; thus we assert, thus we preach Christ our true God, and honour His Saints in words, in writings, in thoughts, in sacrifices, in Churches, in Holy Icons; on the one hand worshiping and reverencing Christ as God and Lord; and on the other hand honouring as true servants of the same Lord of all and accordingly offering them veneration."  Synodikon of Sunday of Orthodoxy

Icon of Chetyi-Minei (calendar of saints)
In the very center is the Resurrection of Christ surrounded by scenes from Holy Week and the feasts of the Paschal cycle. Around them are twelve groupings of saints: one for each month of the calendar year. In the border are icons of the Theotokos (Mother of God), each of which has a feast day during the liturgical year. More Chetyi-Minei 


Name days are a Greek Orthodox tradition. The Orthodox Church dedicates each day of the year to a martyr or saint, and the day is named after him or her in the Greek Orthodox faith. It’s also a Greek tradition to name children for saints. Those named for saints are expected to imitate their namesakes' lives so that saint’s name day calls for quite a celebration.

LARGE MENOLOGICAL ICON, Russian
THE MONTH OF JANUARY,c. early 19th century
Tempera on wood panel with kovcheg. On four registers, starting from the upper left corner, displayed are the saints and events commemorated in the Orthodox calendar
 52.8 x 43.9 cm.
Private collection

Menology; a record of saints, arranged in the order of a calendar.

St. Basil the Great (1 January)
St. Gregory Nazianzen (1 and 25 January)
St. Seraphim of Sarov (2 January)
The Seventy (4 January)
The Theophany (Epiphany) of Christ (6 January)
Synaxis of St. John the Baptist and Forerunner of Christ (7 January)
St. Sava of Serbia (14 January)
St. Paul the hermit of Thebes (15 January)
St. John Kalyvites (15 January)
St. Anthony the Great (17 January)
St. Athanasius the Great (18 January)
St Timothy the Apostle (22 January)
Venerable Joseph the Sanctified (22 January)
St Xeni (24 January)
St Gregory Theologian (25 January)
St Xenophon, Maria and sons (26 January)

LARGE MENOLOGICAL ICON, Russian
 MONTH OF FEBRUARY, c. early 19th century
Tempera on wood panel with kovcheg
53 x 44.4 cm.
Private collection

St Tryphon (1 February)
Presentation of Our Lord in the Temple (2 February)
St. Photios the Great (Patriarch of Constantinople; 6 February)
Sts Barsanuphius and John (Holy Fathers; 6 February)
St. Charalambos the Wonder-worker (10 February)
St. Blasios (11 February)
St. Zacharias (Patriarch of Jerusalem; 21 February)
St Eustathios of Antioch (21 February)
St. Polycarp (Bishop of Smyrna; 23 February)
St. Photini, The Samaritan Woman (Great Martyr and Equal to the Apostles; 26 February)
St Kyranna of Thessaloniki (28 February)

MENOLOGICAL ICON, Russian
 MONTH OF FEBRUARY, c. late 19th century
Tempera on wood panel. Painted in sombre colours on a silvered background, covered by a golden lacquer
35.6 x 31.3 cm.
Private collection

LARGE MENOLOGICAL ICON, Russian
 FOR THE MONTH OF MARCH, c. late 18th century
Tempera on wood panel
44 x 35.8 cm.
Private collection

St. Eudokia, Holy Martyr (1 March)
The Holy Forty Martyrs of Sebastia (9 March)
St. Symeon the New Theologian (12 March)
St Alexios, Man of God (17 March)
St Patrick, Enlightener of Ireland (17 March)
The Annunciation of the Holy Theotokos (25 March)
St. Gregory Palamas (27 March)
St. Matrona (27 March)
St. John Climacus (30 March and 4th Sunday of the Great Lent)
St. Innocent (31 March and 23 September)

MENOLOGICAL ICON, Russian
MONTH OF MARCH, c. late 19th century
Tempera on wood panel. Painted in sombre colours on a silvered background, covered by a golden lacquer
35.7 x 31 cm.
Private collection

LARGE MENOLOGICAL ICON, Russian
MONTH OF APRIL, c. early 19th century
Tempera on wood panel with kovcheg
52.7 x 43.9 cm.
Private collection

St. Lazarus Of Bethany (Lazarus Saturday, the Saturday before Palm Sunday)
St. Mary of Egypt (1 April and Fifth Sunday of Great Lent)
Sts. Raphael, Nicholas and Irene (Bright Tuesday)
Sts Agape, Irene and Chione (Virgin-martyrs; 16 April)
St. Alexandra (21 April)
St. George the Great Martyr (23 April)
St. Mark the Apostle and Evangelist (25 April)

LARGE MENOLOGICAL ICON, Russian
THE MONTH OF MAY, c. 18th century
Tempera on wood panel. The background made of silver, covered by a golden lacquer. The facial features executed in brown with shades of red
52.6 x 43 cm.
Private collection

Coming of the Holy Spirit - the Feast of Pentecost
All Saints day (1st Sunday after Pentecost)
St. Xenia (3 May)
St. Theodore of Sykeon (5 May)
Holy Apostle St. John the Evangelist (8 May)
St. Glykeria (13 May)
St Pachomios the Great (15 May)
St. Nicholas (Bishop of Myra; Translation of Relics 20 May)
Sts Constantine and Helene (21 May)
St John the Russian (27 May)

LARGE MENOLOGICAL ICON, Central Russian, Palekh
THE MONTH OF MAY, circa 1800 
Tempera on wood panel on a gold ground
The panel is divided into four registers showing the Feasts and Saints' Days for the month of May
The figures rendered with classical proportions, their faces painted in great detail, the garments opulently adorned with gold patterns
35.8 x 30.7 cm.
Private collection

MENOLOGICAL ICON, Russian,
MONTH JUNE WITH TWELVE IMAGES OF THE MOTHER OF GOD, circa 1880
Tempera on wood panel, executed on a gold ground. The upper and lower frame made of interlaced patterns
35.5 x 30.9 cm.
Private collection

St. Kalliope the Martyr (8 June)
The Day of the Souls (on Saturday)
Sts Theophanes and Pansemne (10 June)
Miraculous Icon of "Axion Esti" (11 June)
Nativity of St. John the Baptist and Forerunner of Christ (24 June)
Holy Apostles Sts Peter and Paul (29 June)

LARGE MENOLOGICAL ICON, Russian
 FOR THE MONTH OF JULY, c. early 19th century
Tempera on wood panel with kovcheg
53 x 43.8 cm.
Private collection

St. Andreas (4 July)
St. Prokopios (Great Martyr; 8 July )
St Pankratios (9 July)
St. Euphemia (Great Martyr; 11 July )
Archangel Gabriel (13 July)
St Cyril of Crete (14 July)
Great martyr, St Marina (17 July)
St. Macrina the younger (19 July)
Prophet Elijah (Elias) (20 July)
St Mary Magdalene, Equal to the Apostles (22 July)
St. Anna (Dormition of the Mother of the Theotokos; 25 July)
St. Paraskevi (26 July)
St. Panteleimon (All-Merciful and Great Martyr; 27 July)
St Silas, Silvanos, Apainetos and Crescens (of the Seventy; 30 July)

MENOLOGICAL ICON, Russian
THE MONTH OF JULY, c. late 19th century
Tempera on wood panel. Painted in sombre colours on a silvered background, covered by a golden lacquer
35.5 x 31 cm.

A MENOLOGICAL ICON, Russian, 
THE MONTH OF AUGUST, c. late 19th century
Tempera on wood panel. Painted in sombre colours on a silvered background, covered by a golden lacquer
35.6 x 31 cm.
Private collection

Transfiguration (Metamorphoses) of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ (6 August )
St Ioseph (6 August)
Dormition (Falling-asleep) of the Theotokos and Ever-Virgin Mary (15 August)
St Stamatios the New Martyr (16 August)
Sts Eutychlos and Eutychlanos Cassiane (17 August)
St Irenaeus of Lyons(23 August)
St. Kosmas of Aitolia (24 August)
St. Titus (25 August)
St Charalambos of Crete (28 August )
Beheading of the Baptist and Forerunner St. John (29 August)
St. Alexander (Patriarch of Constantinople; 30 August)

LARGE MENOLOGICAL ICON, Russian
THE MONTH OF SEPTEMBER, c. early 19th century
Tempera on wood panel with kovcheg
53 x 43.8 cm.
Private collection

Indiction - beginning of Church year (1 September )
St. Symeon the Stylite (1 September)
St. John the faster (2 September)
Nativity of the Theotokos (8 September)
Sts Joachim and Anna (parents of the Theotokos; 9 September)
Feast of the Elevation of the Precious and Life-Giving Cross (14 September)
Sts Faith, Hope, and Charity and their Mother Sophia (September 17)
Holy Protomartyr and Equal-to-the-Apostles Thekla (September 24)
Repose of the Holy Apostle and Evangelist St. John the Theologian (26 September)
Holy Apostle and Evangelist St. John the Theologian (26 September, 8 May)

LARGE MENOLOGICAL ICON, Central Russian
 FOR THE MONTH OF OCTOBER, c.1st half 19th century
Tempera on wood panel. Executed in great detail on a gold ground
44.3 x 37 cm.
Private collection

Sts Cyprian and Justina, Holy Martyrs (2 October)
St. Dionysius the Areopagite (3 October)
Holy Apostle St. Thomas (6 October and Thomas Sunday)
St Pelagia (October 8)
St. Lazaros (17 October)
Holy Apostle and Evangelist St. Luke (18 October)
Holy Apostle St. James the Just (23 October)
St. John of Kronstadt (19 October)
St. Justin the Martyr (20 October)
St. Hilarion the Great (21 October)
St. Dimitrios the Great Martyr (26 October)
St. Timotheos the Esphigmenitis (29 October)

LARGE MENOLOGICAL ICON, Russian,
THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER, c. late 19th century
Tempera on wood panel. The background made of silver, covered by a golden lacquer.
44 x 37.4 cm.
Private collection

Archangels (8 November)
St. Nektarios the Wonderworker (Metropolitan of Pentapolis; 9 November)
St. John Chrysostom (Archbishop of Constantinople; 13 November, and January 1, 27 and 30)
Holy Apostle St. Matthew (16 November)
St. Gregory the Wonderworker (17 November)
Presentation of the Virgin Mary to the Temple (21 November)
Great Martyr St. Catherine (25 November)
St. Stylianos (26 November)
Holy Apostle St. Andrew (30 November)

LARGE MENOLOGICAL ICON, Greek
 FOR THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER, c. 18th century
Tempera on wood panel. Figures shown against a gold background
59 x 43.3 cm.
Private collection

MENOLOGICAL ICON, Russian
 FOR THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER, c. 19th century
Tempera on wood panel with kovcheg, on a gold ground
35 x 31.2 cm
Private collection

LARGE MENOLOGICAL ICON, Russian
 FOR THE MONTH OF DECEMBER, c. early 19th century
Tempera on wood panel with kovcheg
53 x 43.2 cm
Private collection

St. John Damascene (4 December)
St. Barbara (4 December)
St. Sabbas the Sanctified (5 December)
St. Nicholas the Wonderworker (6 December)
St. Ambrose (Bishop of Milan; 7 December)
St. Spyridon (12 December)
St. Eleutherios (15 December)
St Dionysios of Zakynthos, the Wonder-Worker (17 December)
St Sebastian the martyr (18 December)
Nativity of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ (25 December)
St. Stephen, the First Martyr (27 December)
The Holy Infants (29 December)

MENOLOGICAL ICON, Russian, 
THE MONTH OF DECEMBER WITH TEN IMAGES OF THE MOTHER OF GOD, c. 2nd half 19th century
Tempera on wood panel, executed on a gold ground
31.5 x 26.7 cm
Private collection









Acknowledgement: Hargesheimer Kunstauktionen DüsseldorfOrthodox Christian Churchand others

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