Crucifix: ivory base with carved religious scene (St. Jerome hermit?)
Ivory H. 11 x l. 7 x 5.5 cm,
work on 3 levels: reading holy lying at the bottom, three sheep intermediate and fountain head (lion?) At the top level. Insertion hole at the top (key back. Browned, slots).
Saint Jerome (c. 347 – 30 September 420) was a Latin Christian priest, confessor, theologian and historian, who also became a Doctor of the Church. He is best known for his translation of most of the Bible into Latin (the translation that became known as the Vulgate), and his commentaries on the Gospels. His list of writings is extensive. Known as the “protégé” of the former Pope Damasus, who died in December of 384, Jerome became well known for outlining the type of lifestyle that was acceptable for Christians living in cosmopolitan centers like Rome. In many cases, he focused his attention to the lives of women and identified how a woman devoted to Jesus Christ should live her life. This concentration stemmed from his close patron relationships with several prominent female ascetics who were members of affluent Roman “senatorial families”.
He is recognised as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Churches, the Lutheran Church, and the Church of England (Anglican Communion). Jerome is commemorated on 30 September with a memorial.