Sunday, November 6, 2016

04 carvings Of Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion, Sculpture, #8

A Roman marble figure of Silenus 
Circa 2nd Century A.D.
55cm high
Private Collection

The bearded follower of Bacchus, standing with a drape covering his head and wrapped around his shoulders and torso, he stands with his left hand resting on his hip, with his weight on his right leg.

In Greek mythology, Silenus was a companion and tutor to the wine god Dionysus. He is typically older than the satyrs of the Dionysian retinue, and sometimes considerably older, in which case he may be referred to as a Papposilenus.More

A Roman giallo antico marble head of a satyr 
Circa 2nd Century A.D.
12.5cm high
Private Collection

The curling hair arranged in a central quiff, wearing a wreath of ivy leaves and berries, the face with recessed eyes, the smiling parted lips framed by a curling drilled moustache, flat backed.

A satyr is one of a troop of ithyphallic male companions of Dionysus with goat-like features and often permanent erection. Early artistic representations sometimes include horse-like legs, but in 6th-century BC black-figure pottery human legs are the most common. In Roman Mythology there is a concept similar to satyrs, with goat-like features: the faun, being half-man, half-goat, who roamed the woods and mountains. In myths they are often associated with pipe-playing. Greek-speaking Romans often used the Greek term saturos when referring to the Latin faunus, and eventually syncretized the two. More

A mahogany carving of Diane the Huntress, late 19th century with Diane laying scantily clad with a child and dog flanking width 86 cm, height 43 cm 

Jean-Jacques Feuchère, 1807 - 1852
Leda and the Swan
Silvered bronze and ormolu group 
17 x 22 cm; 6 2/3 by 8 2/3 in
Private Collection

Leda, in Greek legend, usually believed to be the daughter of Thestius, king of Aetolia, and wife of Tyndareus, king of Lacedaemon. She was also believed to have been the mother (by Zeus, who had approached and seduced her in the form of a swan) of the other twin, Pollux, and of Helen, both of whom hatched from eggs. Variant legends gave divine parentage to both the twins and possibly also to Clytemnestra, with all three of them having hatched from the eggs of Leda, while yet other legends say that Leda bore the twins to her mortal husband, Tyndareus. Still other variants say that Leda may have hatched out Helen from an egg laid by the goddess Nemesis, who was similarly approached by Zeus in the form of a swan.The divine swan’s encounter with Leda was a subject depicted by both ancient Greek and Italian Renaissance artists; Leonardo da Vinci undertook a painting (now lost) of the theme, and Correggio’s Leda (c. 1530s) is a well-known treatment of the subject. More Leda and The Swan

Jean-Jacques Feuchère (24 August 1807 – 26 July 1852) was a French sculptor. Son of a chiseler, Feuchère began working for goldsmiths. He was a pupil of Jean-Pierre Cortot and Jules Ramey, professors at the School of Fine Arts of Paris. In 1848, he participated in the competition for the sculpted figure of the French Republic, launched by the provisional government. The jury retained his project and he was commissioned, in 1849 to create The Constitution. It was completed in 1852 and was inaugurated on the Place du Palais-Bourbon in 1854 under the name of La Loi. One of the most famous works of Jean-Jacques Feuchère is his Satan (circa 1833, above) drawing his inspiration from black romanticism. More Jean-Jacques Feuchère

Victor Paillard, (1805-1886), after Germain Pilon (1540-1590)
The Three Graces of the Heart of Henry II monument
Silvered bronze; on a white marble plinth and gilt bronze 
High. (total) 67 cm; height (overall) 26 4/5 in.
Private Collection

In Greek mythology, a Charis or Grace is one of three or more minor goddesses of charm, beauty, nature, human creativity, and fertility, together known as the Charites or Graces. The usual list, from youngest to oldest is Aglaea ("Splendor"), Euphrosyne ("Mirth"), and Thalia ("Good Cheer"). In Roman mythology they were known as the Gratiae, the "Graces". In some variants, Charis was one of the Graces and was not the singular form of their name.

The Charites were usually considered the daughters of Zeus and Eurynome, though they were also said to be daughters of Dionysus and Aphrodite or of Helios and the naiad Aegle. Other possible names of their mother by Zeus are Eurydome, Eurymedousa, and Euanthe. Homer wrote that they were part of the retinue of Aphrodite. The Charites were also associated with the Greek underworld and the Eleusinian Mysteries.

The river Cephissus near Delphi was sacred to them. More Three Graces (aka the Charities)

Victor Paillard, born on November 14 , 1805 and died in Paris in 1886 , was a bronze sculptor and sculptor French. His artistic talents were noticed by the Count de Guzmán, who sent him to perfect in Paris.

After training as a carver, he was a pupil of Jean-François Denière and collaborator of Ferdinand Barbedienne . Quickly recognized as one of the best skilled bronze workers of his time, he created in 1830 a house of art objects and furniture which employed up to a hundred people in the middle of the xixth  century. He receives many official orders, especially during the decoration of the hotel of the Minister of Foreign Affairs at the Quai d'Orsay in Paris.

Exhibiting in France and abroad, he was appointed jury member of the Exposition Universelle of 1855 in Paris.

Victor Paillard worked for cabinet maker Alexandre-Georges Fourdinois, large Russian families, Balzac, Prince de Galliera, Abel Laurent, Detouche, A. Squoy, Albert, etc.

As an officer of the Legion of Honor, and officer of the Iron Crown in Austria, he was appointed adviser and mayor of Paris 3 th  district in 1874. More on Victor Paillard

Acknowledgement: BonhamsSotheby's

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