Wednesday, May 9, 2018

03 Carvings, Biblical Carvings & Sculpture With Footnotes 6

A carved wooden crucifix figure without cross
Republic of Benin. Late 19th to early 20th century
13 3/4"h x 11"w x 2 1/2"d.
Private collection

A brass crucifix with multiple figures
Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kongo. Late 19th to earch 20th century
 11"h x 6 1/4"w x 3/4"d
Private collection

African crucifixes are the result of the adoption and almagmation of disperate relgious views. Christan iconography was first introduced to the African content in the 15th century by the Portuguese. By the early sixteenth century the king of Kongo was baptized and began a partnership with the king of Portugal. To reinforce his power and ties to the Catholic Church, prestige piece were made echoing Christian designs and symbolism. Piece are still made today that blend the traditions of African art with those of the Christian Church. More on African crucifixes

A carved wooden effigy figure of St. Antoine, a Franciscan Monk 
Possibly Democratic Republic of the Congo. Late 19th to early 20th century
10 1/2"h x 3"w x 3 1/2"d

Saint Anthony of Padua (Portuguese: Santo António), born Fernando Martins de Bulhões (1195 – 13 June 1231), also known as Anthony of Lisbon, was a Portuguese Catholic priest and friar of the Franciscan Order. He was born and raised by a wealthy family in Lisbon, Portugal, and died in Padua, Italy. Noted by his contemporaries for his forceful preaching, expert knowledge of scripture, and undying love and devotion to the poor and the sick, he was the second-most-quickly canonized saint after Peter of Verona. He was proclaimed a Doctor of the Church on 16 January 1946. He is also the patron saint of lost things. More on Saint Anthony of Padua

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