Friday, June 19, 2015

07 RELIGIOUS ART - Paintings from the Bible! - Mary Magdalene

Emiliana School of the seventeenth century
Oil on canvas
83x110 cm

Sorry, but I could not find any useful information on the Emiliana School!

hayez, francesco madeleine péniten | religious | sotheby's pf1640lot8d9s9en:
Francesco Hayez, VENISE 1791 - 1882 MILAN
119,5 x 75,5 cm ; 47 by 29 ¾ in

Francesco Hayez (10 February 1791 – 21 December 1882) was an Italian painter, the leading artist of Romanticism in mid-19th-century Milan, renowned for his grand historical paintings, political allegories and exceptionally fine portraits. More

File:Mary Magdalene 01.jpg
Jan Polack (1435–1519)
Ascension of Mary Magdalene, c. 1500

Jan Polack Johannes (between 1435 and 1450 – 1519) was a 15th-century painter. From his nickname it is assumed that he might have been born and/or worked in Kraków. From the mid-1470s on, he lived and worked in Munich, having previously been in Franconia. In 1480 he opened his own shop in Munich, where he remained until his death. More

cabanel, alexandre mary magdalene | christian | sotheby's n09499lot8zb8qen:
Alexandre Cabanel, 1823 - 1889
Oil on canvas
35 3/4 by 29 1/2 in., 90.8 by 74.9 cm

Alexandre Cabanel (28 September 1823 – 23 January 1889) was a French painter born in Montpellier, Hérault. He painted historical, classical and religious subjects in the academic style. He was also well known as a portrait painter. According to Diccionario Enciclopedico Salvat, Cabanel is the best representative of the L'art pompier and Napoleon III's preferred painter. More

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (1571-1610)
Magdalen in Ecstasy, c. 1606
Oil on canvas
106.5 × 91 cm (41.9 × 35.8 in)

Mary Magdalen in Ecstasy (1606) is a painting by the Italian artist Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (1571-1610). There exists in at least eighteen copies, of which this version has been claimed as the most likely original. The painting was done in the few months following Caravaggio's flight from Rome after the death of Ranuccio Tommassoni on 29 May 1606, while he was in hiding on the estates of his protectors, the powerful Colonna family, and where the primary sources for his life record him painting a Magdalen. 

This revolutionary naturalistic interpretation of the legend also allowed him to capture the ambiguous parallel between mystical and erotic love, in Mary's semi-reclining posture and bared shoulder. The painting was immensely influential for future treatment of the theme by artists such as Rubens and Simon Vouet (who adopted Carvaggio's earth-bound Magdalen but reintroduced the angels), and of course Bernini and his celebrated Ecstasy of St Theresa. More

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (29 September 1571 in Caravaggio – 18 July 1610) was an Italian painter active in Rome, Naples, Malta, and Sicily between 1592 and 1610. His paintings, which combine a realistic observation of the human state, both physical and emotional, with a dramatic use of lighting, had a formative influence on Baroque painting.

Caravaggio trained as a painter in Milan under Simone Peterzano who had himself trained under Titian. In his twenties Caravaggio moved to Rome where there was a demand for paintings to fill the many huge new churches and palazzos being built at the time. It was also a period when the Church was searching for a stylistic alternative to Mannerism in religious art that was tasked to counter the threat of Protestantism. Caravaggio's innovation was a radical naturalism that combined close physical observation with a dramatic, even theatrical, use of chiaroscuro which came to be known as tenebrism (the shift from light to dark with little intermediate value).

He gained attention in the art scene of Rome in 1600 with the success of his first public commissions, the Martyrdom of Saint Matthew and Calling of Saint Matthew. Thereafter he never lacked commissions or patrons, yet he handled his success poorly. He was jailed on several occasions, vandalized his own apartment, and ultimately had a death sentence pronounced against him by the Pope after killing a young man, possibly unintentionally, on May 29, 1606. He fled from Rome with a price on his head. He was involved in a brawl in Malta in 1608, and another in Naples in 1609, possibly a deliberate attempt on his life by unidentified enemies. This encounter left him severely injured. A year later, at the age of 38, he died under mysterious circumstances in Porto Ercole in Tuscany, reportedly from a fever while on his way to Rome to receive a pardon.

Famous while he lived, Caravaggio was forgotten almost immediately after his death, and it was only in the 20th century that his importance to the development of Western art was rediscovered. More

Peter Paul Rubens (1577–1640)
S. Mary Magdalene in Extasy, c. between 1619 and 1620
Oil on canvas
Height: 295 cm (116.1 in). Width: 220 cm (86.6 in).
Palais des Beaux-Arts de Lille

According to a legend popular in Caravaggio's time, after Christ's death his faithful female disciple Mary of Magdala moved to southern France, where she lived as a hermit in a cave at Sainte-Baume near Aix-en-Provence. There she was transported seven times a day by angels into the presence of God, "where she heard, with her bodily ears, the delightful harmonies of the celestial choirs." More

Sir Peter Paul Rubens (28 June 1577 – 30 May 1640) was a Flemish Baroque painter. A proponent of an extravagant Baroque style that emphasized movement, colour, and sensuality, Rubens is well known for his Counter-Reformation altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects.

In addition to running a large studio in Antwerp that produced paintings popular with nobility and art collectors throughout Europe, Rubens was a classically educated humanist scholar and diplomat who was knighted by both Philip IV of Spain and Charles I of England. More

File:Bernardino Campi - Mary Magdalene - Google Art Project.jpg
Bernardino Campi (1522 - 1590)
Mary Magdalene
Oil on canvas
Height: 665 mm (26.18 in). Width: 572 mm (22.52 in).
Art Gallery of New South Wales

Bernardino Campi (1522–1591) was an Italian Renaissance painter from Reggio Emilia, who worked in Cremona. In Cremona, his extended family were the main artistic studios. Giulio Campi and Antonio Campi, half-brothers, were distant relatives of Bernardino; the latter is generally considered the most talented of the family. All were active and prominent painters locally. Influences on Bernardino's are likely diverse, including those from local Cremonese such as Camillo Boccaccino, to artists from neighboring regions such as Correggio, Parmigianino and Giulio Romano.

Bernardino was commissioned by Vespasiano Gonzaga to lead a team of artists including Pietro Martire Pesenti in the interior decoration, including frescoes by Bernardino, of the Palazzo del Giardino in Sabbioneta, near Mantua.

Among his pupils were Giovanni Antonio Morandi (active 1585), Andrea Mainardi, and Pietro Martire Pesenti, both active in the Palazzo of Guastalla. More

Roman School, 18th century THE PENITENT MAGDALENE oil on canvas, unframed 48.5 by 65.2 cm.; 19 1/4  by 25 5/8  in.:
Roman School, 18th century
oil on canvas, unframed
48.5 by 65.2 cm.; 19 1/4  by 25 5/8  in

Mary Magdalene in the desert, antique carved basswood panel. The saint, penitent kneels in a cave, untied hair, wiping her tears with one hand, holding a whip in the other; a crucifix, books, a skull and the ointment jar are laid on the rock beside her; landscape in the distance by a crevice; cave sheltered by a roof, framed by trees with flowers in the foreground. 

Southern Germany, first half of the sixteenth century H 44 L 31.7 cm × 1 

Style of this panel, deeply worked, can attach the to that of the 
so-called school of sculpture of the Danube. Place aucadre devolved natural scene with tree trunks visible roots, rocks, a rugged surface is a predominant effect and plays an essential role in the representation of the subject. The sculptor has built a "window" into the natural environment of the sant, half-opening into a distant landscape. 

Many painters, printmakers and sculptors of the Danube Region, were followers of the master of Regensburg, and were left free rein to their imagination by giving this invasive vegetation presence. The fantastic character that the works of this school give nature later inspired the German Romantics. More

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