Wednesday, June 24, 2015

RELIGIOUS ART - Drawings from the Bible by the Old Masters! El Greco, PIETÀ

Attributed to Doménikos Theotokopoulos, called El Greco
CANDÍA, CRETE 1541 – 1614 TOLEDO
PIETÀ
Pen and brown ink and different shades of brown wash, over traces of black chalk
244 by 167 mm

This drawing, with its highly individual technique, was published in 2007 by Nicholas Turner in a ground-breaking article, where he argued that this drawing and a number of others by the same very distinctive hand are all the work of El Greco, and should be added to the very small corpus of just five universally accepted sheets, which provide the starting point for our understanding of his draughtsmanship. Turner’s thesis has been met with varying degrees of acceptance, but his arguments are in many respects highly persuasive, and the proposed attribution should be taken very seriously.  If, as seems entirely possible, this drawing is indeed by El Greco, it is a sheet of considerable significance. More

The Pietà is a subject in Christian art depicting the Virgin Mary cradling the dead body of Jesus, most often found in sculpture. As such, it is a particular form of the Lamentation of Christ, a scene from the Passion of Christ found in cycles of the Life of Christ. When Christ and the Virgin are surrounded by other figures from the New Testament, the subject is strictly called a Lamentation in English, although Pietà is often used for this as well, and is the normal term in Italian. More

El Greco, born Doménikos Theotokópoulos (1541 – 7 April 1614), was a painter, sculptor and architect of the Spanish Renaissance. El Greco was born in Crete, which was at that time part of the Republic of Venice, and the center of Post-Byzantine art. He trained and became a master within that tradition before traveling at age 26 to Venice, as other Greek artists had done. In 1570 he moved to Rome, where he opened a workshop and executed a series of works. During his stay in Italy, El Greco enriched his style with elements of Mannerism and of the Venetian Renaissance. In 1577, he moved to Toledo, Spain, where he lived and worked until his death. In Toledo, El Greco received several major commissions and produced his best-known paintings. More