He was also the founder of the society of the Romanists, which brought together artists, connoisseurs and humanists who had travelled to Rome and appreciated its humanist culture.
Artus Wolffort (also Wolffordt and Wolffaert) (1581–1641) was a Flemish painter of history paintings, landscapes and portraits. He trained as a painter in Dordrecht where he joined the local Guild of Saint Luke in 1603. He returned to Antwerp around 1615 where he worked as an assistant in the studio of Otto van Veen, one of the teachers of Peter Paul Rubens.
Wolffort and his work were not well known until the late 1970s and some of his paintings were even classified as early works by Rubens. His pupils included his son Jan Baptist Wolfaerts, Pieter van Lint, Pieter van Mol and Lucas Smout the Elder. He died in Antwerp.
Jacopo Bertoia, also known as Giacomo Zanguidi or Jacopo Zanguidi or Bertoja, (1544 - ca. 1574), was an Italian painter of a late-Renaissance or Mannerist style that emerged in Parma towards the end of the 16th century.
In Rome, he was part of the team that frescoed the walls of the Oratorio del Gonfalone, painting the panel depicting the Entry of Christ into Jerusalem. He was commissioned by Cardinal Alessandro Farnese in 1572-1573 to paint galleries (Sale del Giudizio, della Penitenza, dei Sogni, as well as the Anticamera degli Angeli) of the Villa Farnese in Caprarola, where he replaced the role of Taddeo Zuccari. He had earlier worked in Caprarola with Federico Zuccari in 1574, painting in the Sala di Ercole.
Lamentation works are very often included in cycles of the Life of Christ, and also form the subject of many individual works. One specific type of Lamentation depicts only Jesus' mother Mary cradling his body. These are known as Pietà (Italian for "pity").
Francesco Guarino or Guarini (1611-1651 or 1654) was an Italian painter of the Baroque period, active mainly in Irpinia, and in other areas of the Kingdom of Naples.
He was a pupil first locally of his father, Giovanni Tommaso Guarino, before moving to Naples to work in the studio of Massimo Stanzione. In Naples, like many of his contemporaries there, he was influenced by the style of Caravaggio. In his selection of models who appear to have been plucked from the streets of Naples, he recalls the style of Bernardo Cavallino, the fellow-pupil of Stanzioni.
Saint Agnes was a member of the Roman nobility and raised in a Christian family. She suffered martyrdom at the age of twelve or thirteen during the reign of the Roman Emperor Diocletian, on 21 January 304.
Agnes was a beautiful young girl of wealthy family and therefore had many suitors of high rank. Legend holds that the young men, slighted by Agnes's resolute devotion to religious purity, submitted her name to the authorities as a follower of Christianity.
The Prefect condemned her to be dragged naked through the streets to a brothel. Various versions of the legend give different methods of escape from this predicament. In one, as she prayed, her hair grew and covered her body. It was also said that all of the men who attempted to rape her were immediately struck blind. In another the son of the prefect is struck dead, but revived after Agnes prayed for him, causing her release. There is then a trial from which Sempronius excuses himself, and another figure presides, sentencing her to death. When led out to die she was tied to a stake, but the bundle of wood would not burn, or the flames parted away from her, whereupon the officer in charge of the troops drew his sword and beheaded her.
Louis's actions were inspired by Christian values. He decided to punish blasphemy, gambling, interest-bearing loans and prostitution, and bought the relics of Christ for which he built the Sainte-Chapelle. More
Based on this story, St. Raphael has long been considered the patron saint of healers, travelers, and fishermen. More
The martyrdom of Cecilia is said to have followed that of Valerian and his brother by the prefect Turcius Almachius. The legend about Cecilia’s death says that after being struck three times on the neck with a sword, she lived for three days, and asked the pope to convert her home into a church.
Cecilia was buried at the Catacombs of St. Callistus, and then transferred to the Church of Santa Cecilia in Trastevere. In 1599, her body was found still incorrupt, seeming to be asleep. More
In the New Testament Michael leads God's armies against Satan's forces in the Book of Revelation, where during the war in heaven he defeats Satan. In the Epistle of Jude Michael is specifically referred to as "the archangel Michael". Christian sanctuaries to Michael appeared in the 4th century, when he was first seen as a healing angel, and then over time as a protector and the leader of the army of God against the forces of evil. By the 6th century, devotions to Archangel Michael were widespread both in the Eastern and Western Churches. Over time, teachings on Michael began to vary among Christian denominations. More
Jacques Stella (1596 - 29 April 1657) was a French painter. From about 1616 to 1622, Jacques was in Florence working for Cosimo II de' Medici, along with Jacques Callot, whose style influenced Stella's early engravings. Around 1623 Stella moved to Rome, where he stayed for ten years and gained fame for his small-scale paintings and engravings. In Rome he was influenced by the cool classicism and restraint of Nicolas Poussin's art and became one of Poussin's few intimates.
In about 1634, he ventured towards Paris, traveling to Venice, Milan, and Lyon along the way. In Paris, Cardinal Richelieu presented him to Louis XIII, who appointed him Painter to the King. In later years, Stella worked in Paris, Rouen, and Versailles, but his life became overshadowed by illness.
After his death, Stella's paintings and drawings were often sold as the works of Poussin. The chronology of Stella's works is far from settled, with numerous paintings still untraced or damaged. His nieces, whom Stella trained as painters, later engraved many of his drawings. More
Daniele Crespi (1598–July 19, 1630) was an Italian painter of the Baroque era. He was born in Busto Arsizio, and active mostly in the Milan of Federico Borromeo.
He was an excellent colorist, known for the simplistic beauty of his composition. His earliest works show him assisting Guglielmo Caccia in San Vittore. His best works include a series of pictures from the life of Saint Bruno (now in the Certosa di Garegnano in Milan) and a depiction of the Stoning of St. Stephen (in Brera). Another masterpiece is the dark 1628 San Carlo Borromeo at Supper in the church of Santa Maria della Passione in Milan. Other works by him can be found in Milan and Pavia. His Conversion of Saint Paul, when compared to Caravaggio's earlier work in the Cerasi Chapel, shows the persistence of Crespi's Mannerist traits. Crespi died in Milan during the plague epidemic in 1630. More
Successful from the beginning of his career, he has been described as "the greatest decorative painter of eighteenth-century Europe, as well as its most able craftsman." More
She refuses to be blackmailed and is arrested and about to be put to death for promiscuity when a young man named Daniel interrupts the proceedings, shouting that the elders should be questioned to prevent the death of an innocent. After being separated, the two men are cross-examined about what they saw but disagree about the tree under which Susanna supposedly met her lover. The first says they were under a mastic. The second says they were under an evergreen oak tree. The great difference makes the elders' lie plain to all the observers. The false accusers are put to death, and virtue triumphs. More
School of Utrecht refers to those Baroque artists, all distinctly influenced by the art of Caravaggio, who were active mostly in the Dutch city of Utrecht during the first part of the seventeenth century.
Guercino was born at Cento, near Bologna. He was largely self-taught but influenced by the Carracci and particularly by Ludovico Carracci. An early commission in Bologna was the altarpiece of the 'Investiture of Saint William' (1620, Bologna, Pinacoteca). In 1621 Guercino was invited to Rome to work for Pope Gregory XV. His ceiling fresco, Aurora, was painted for the Pope's nephew (Rome, Villa Ludovisi).
On the death of the Pope, Guercino returned to Cento; he settled in Bologna, probably in 1644, after the death of Reni. His later work is more academic, closer to the manner of Reni, and lacks the bravura handling and chiaroscuro effects of his earlier paintings. More
Francesco de Mura (21 April 1696 – 19 August 1782) was an Italian painter of the late-Baroque period, active mainly in Naples and Turin. His late work reflects the style of neoclassicism.
He was a pupil of Francesco Solimena, then later with Domenico Viola, where he met his contemporary, Mattia Preti.
While still in his teens he painted frescoes (1715) in San Nicola alla Carità in Naples. He painted ten canvases of the Virtues and an Adoration of the Magi (1728) for the church of Santa Maria Donnaromita. His other works include frescoes of the Adoration of the Magi (1732) in the apsidal dome of the church of the Nunziatella. De Mura also painted portraits. More
In addition to running a large studio in Antwerp that produced paintings popular with nobility and art collectors throughout Europe, Rubens was a classically educated humanist scholar and diplomat who was knighted by both Philip IV of Spain and Charles I of England. More
In 1655 he was made chartered tapestry cartoon designer of the city of Brussels. At the time of his death he owned several houses (one of which was in the Sonian forest) and a painting collection, though his lavish lifestyle had left him severely in debt. He died in Brussels. More
Index: Ángel Zárraga (1886 - 1946) The Gift, Ángel Zárraga (Mexican Painter 1886 - 1946) Votive Offering [Saint Sebastian], c. 1912, Circle of Marten de Vos (Antwerp 1532-1603) The Annunciation, Workshop of Artus Wolfaerts (Antwerp 1581-1641) The Four Evangelists, Follower of Jacopo Zanguidi, called Il Bertoia (Parma 1544-circa 1573) The Adoration of the Magi, Circle of Jacob de Backer (Antwerp circa 1555-1585) The Crucifixion, Workshop of Gerrit van Honthorst (Utrecht 1590-1656) The Lamentation, Francesco Guarino da Solofra (Sant' Agata Irpina, near Solofra 1611-1654 Gravina di Pulia) Judith with the Head of Holofernes , Francesco Guarino (1611–1654) Saint Agnes, 1650, The Master of the Parrot THE VIRGIN AND CHILD, Antwerp School, early 16th century, THE CRUCIFIXION WITH SAINTS MARY, MARY MAGDALENE AND JOHN THE EVANGELIST, Manuel Lopez Vazquez (Granada 1920 – 2004), after Rogier van der Weyden, THE ADORATION OF THE MAGI, Anton Kern ADORATION OF THE SHEPHERDS, Antwerp School, first half of the 16th century MARY MAGDALENE, Antwerp School, first half of the 16th century, MARY MAGDALENE, Valencian School, early 16th century PENTECOST, Valencian School, first half of the 16th century CALVARY, WITH MARY MAGDALENE AT THE FOOT OF THE CROSS, Caravaggio, 'The Entombment of Christ 1603–1604, After Anton Raphael Mengs THE DEPOSITION OF CHRIST, School of Toledo, early 17th Century SAINT LOUIS IX OF FRANCE WITH THE ARCHANGEL MICHAEL, Spanish School, 17th century RAPHAEL AND TOBIAS, Pedro Orrente MURCIA 1580 - 1645 VALENCIA, DEPARTURE OF THE PRODIGAL SON, Pedro Orrente
MURCIA 1580 - 1645 VALENCIA, RETURN OF THE PRODIGAL SON, Francisco Camilo, MADRID 1615 - 1673, THE ANNUNCIATION, Bolognese School, 16th Century, THE HOLY FAMILY, Northern follower of Leonardo da Vinci THE HOLY FAMILY WITH SAINT ANNE, Ferrarese School, 16th Century, THE HOLY FAMILY WITH SAINTS ELISABETH AND JOHN THE BAPTIST, Valencian School, 16th century THE HOLY FAMILY WITH THE INFANT SAINT JOHN THE BAPTIST AND SAINT JOHN THE EVANGELIST, Workshop of the Bassano Family, ACTIVE IN BASSANO DEL GRAPPA AND VENICE, CIRCA 1540-1622, THE MOCKING OF CHRIST, Manner of Marco Palmezzano, CHRIST CARRYING THE CROSS, Manner of Marco Palmezzano The Holy Family, After Orazio Gentileschi, SAINT CECILIA WITH AN ANGEL, Matteo Rosselli FLORENCE 1578 - 1650 THE ARCHANGEL MICHAEL, South German School, circa 1600 THE ARCHANGEL MICHAEL, Pietro Sigismondi BORN IN LUCCA - ROME, BEFORE 1624, SAINT AGNES, Circle of Adam Elsheimer, THE MADONNA AND CHILD IN A LANDSCAPE WITH ANGELS, Francesco Trevisani, CAPODISTRIA 1656-1746 ROMA, THE MADONNA AND CHILD, Guy François LE PUY, HAUTE-LOIRE CIRCA 1578 - 1650 LE PUY, THE VIRGIN AND CHILD, Follower of Antiveduto Gramatica HOLY FAMILY WITH THE INFANT SAINT JOHN, Roman School, 18th century MADONNA AND CHILD WITH THE INFANT SAINT JOHN THE BAPTIST , Follower of Giambattista Piazzetta CHRIST ON THE CROSS WITH SAINT FRANCIS, Circle of Jacques Stella JUDITH AND HOLOFERNES, Artemisia Gentileschi (1593–1653) Judith and Holofernes c. 1620 until 1621, Follower of Daniele Crespi SALOMÈ WITH THE HEAD OF SAINT JOHN THE BAPTIST, Onorio Marinari (1627–1715) Salome with the head of John the Baptist, c. 1680, Jacob Willemsz. de Wet the Elder HAARLEM 1610 - AFTER 1675 HAARLEM, CHRIST DISPUTING WITH THE DOCTORS IN THE TEMPLE, Christ disputing with the Doctors, probably about 1520-5, Lodovico Mazzolino, Salomon Koninck AMSTERDAM 1609 - 1656 THE HOLY FAMILY, Circle of Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, THE HOLY FAMILY, School of Utrecht, 17th Century, SUSANNA AND THE ELDERS, Antwerp School, 17th century SUZANNA AND THE ELDERS, Gaspar van den Hoecke 1595 - 1648 THE ADORATION OF THE MAGI, Flemish School, circa 1700 ADORATION OF THE MAGI, Johann König NUREMBERG 1586 - 1642, THE BAPTISM OF CHRIST, Attributed to Frans Francken the Elder HERENTALS 1542 - 1616 ANTWERP, THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT JOHN THE APOSTLE, South German School, early 16th century, THE DEATH OF THE VIRGIN, After Jan Gossaert, called Mabuse VIRGIN AND CHILD ENTHRONED, Follower of Pier Francesco Mola THE ANGEL APPEARING TO HAGAR AND ISHMAEL IN A LANDSCAPE, Guercino (1591 - 1666) The Angel appears to Hagar and Ishmael, c.1652-3, Onorio Marinari FLORENCE 1627-1715 SAINT MARGARET OF ANTIOCH, Gregorio Lazzarini VENICE 1655-1730 VILLABONA, REBECCA AND ELIEZER AT THE WELL, Francesco de Mura NAPLES 1696 - 1782, THE JUDGEMENT OF SOLOMON, Francisco Camilo MADRID 1615 - 1673 THE ANNUNCIATION, Rubens, Peter Paul, Sir, Flemish, 1577 - 1640 The Meeting of David and Abigail, c. 1630, Follower of Theodoor Rombouts THE MEETING OF DAVID AND ABIGAIL, Jacques d'Arthois BRUSSELS 1613 - 1686, RUDOLF HAPSBURG (1218- 1291) HANDING OVER HIS HORSE TO A PRIEST DELIVERING THE VIATICUM