Roughly 19 3/4" x 5 3/4" x 4 1/4".
Swabian or Franconian Polychrome Limewood Figure of the Virgin, her head hooded, her hands clasped in prayer.
Head surrounded by a crown of thorns intertwined, inclined to the right shoulder, long wavy locks of hair resting on the top of the shoulders, lying face expression appeased with half-closed eyes. Perizonium (a type of loincloth that originated with the Minoan civilization in Crete) retained by a cord with a pan falling on the front and a turbulent on the back of the right hip, legs straight with feet stacked based on a suppedaneum
The body of Jesus, still held by one arm is lifted by two men - probably Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus - and supported by two others - including Saint Jean, standing on two profile scales; above three holy women surrounding the fainting Virgin. The bottom having Jerusalem. Low and high reliefs carved walnut. Epoque late sixteenth century. H .: 67 cm - Width .: 36.7 cm.
Joseph of Arimathea was, according to all four canonical Gospels, the man who donated his own prepared tomb for the burial of Jesus after Jesus' crucifixion. A number of stories that developed during the Middle Ages connect him with both Glastonbury, where he is supposed to have founded the earliest Christian oratory, and also with the Grail legend.
Joseph of Arimathea was an "a respected member of the council, who was also himself looking for the kingdom of God". Matthew was a rich man and a disciple of Jesus. Upon hearing of Jesus' death, he "asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus, and Pilate gave him permission." Joseph immediately purchased a linen shroud and proceeded to Golgotha to take the body of Jesus down from the cross. There, Joseph and Nicodemus took the body and bound it in linen cloths with the spices that Nicodemus had bought. The disciples then conveyed the prepared corpse to the place previously bought for Joseph's own tomb, a man-made cave hewn from rock in a garden of his house nearby. More
Nicodemus was most notable for assisting in the burial of Jesus. He is venerated as a Christian saint.
Nicodemus appears three times in the Gospel of John. He first visits Jesus one night to discuss his teachings. The second time Nicodemus is mentioned, he reminds his colleagues in the Sanhedrin that the law requires that a person be heard before being judged. Finally, Nicodemus appears after the Crucifixion to provide the customary embalming spices, and assists Joseph of Arimathea in preparing the body of Jesus for burial. More
Height: 51 cm
Crowned Virgin with the Infant Jesus giving his blessing. She rests upon a round base and a pedestal with cut segments in natural oak sculpted into lozenges. Work in the Neo-Gothic style, 19th century Sculpted ivory
St. Francis of Assisi, holding crucifix and iconic French text on the Franciscan Orders, and a skull at his feet.
Note: Skull: The transience of life, contemplation of death. It is the symbol of Hermits and Penitents, such as St. Mary Magdalene, St. Paul, St. Jerome, and St. Francis of Assisi. Hermits are usually shown with a skull to suggest their contemplation of death. When a cross is represented with the skull, it suggests their meditation upon eternal life after death.
Saint Francis of Assisi (1181/1182 – 1226) was an Italian Catholic friar and preacher. Francis is one of the most venerated religious figures in history.
Francis' father was Pietro di Bernardone, a prosperous silk merchant. Francis lived the high-spirited life typical of a wealthy young man, even fighting as a soldier for Assisi. While going off to war in 1204, Francis had a vision that directed him back to Assisi, where he lost his taste for his worldly life. On a pilgrimage to Rome, he joined the poor in begging at St. Peter's Basilica. The experience moved him to live in poverty. Francis returned home, began preaching on the streets, and soon gathered followers. His Order was authorized by Pope Innocent III in 1210. He then founded the Order of Poor Clares, which became an enclosed religious order for women, as well as the Order of Brothers and Sisters of Penance (commonly called the Third Order).
In 1219, he went to Egypt in an attempt to convert the Sultan to put an end to the conflict of the Crusades. By this point, the Franciscan Order had grown to such an extent that its primitive organizational structure was no longer sufficient. He returned to Italy to organize the Order. Once his community was authorized by the Pope, he withdrew increasingly from external affairs. In 1223, Francis arranged for the first Christmas nativity scene. In 1224, he received the stigmata, making him the first recorded person to bear the wounds of Christ's Passion. He died during the evening hours of October 3, 1226.
On July 16, 1228, he was proclaimed a saint by Pope Gregory IX. He is known as the patron saint of animals and the environment, and is one of the patron saints of Italy. More
Saint Dominic de la Calzada (or Dominic of the Causeway) (Spanish: Santo Domingo de la Calzada) (1019 – 12 May 1109) was a saint from a cottage in Burgos very close to La Rioja. Born Domingo García in Viloria de Rioja, he was the son of a peasant.
Saint Dominic repeatedly tried to join the Benedictine order at Valvanera and San Millán de la Cogolla, but was turned away. He then became a hermit in the forests near Ayuela, near the present-day town of Santo Domingo de la Calzada, until 1039. In 1039, he began working with Gregory IV of Ostia (Gregorio), bishop of Ostia, who had been sent to Calahorra as a papal envoy to combat a plague of locusts that afflicted Navarre and La Rioja.
Gregory ordained Dominic a priest. They built together a wooden bridge over the Oja River to help pilgrims on the Way of St. James. Gregory died in 1044, and Dominic returned to Ayuela, where he began developing the area. He cleared trees, cultivated the earth, and began to build a paved causeway (in Spanish, calzada), which served as an alternate route to the traditional Roman causeway between Logroño and Burgos. Dominic’s causeway became the principal route between Nájera and Redecilla del Camino.
To better the conditions of the pilgrims that began to use his new causeway, he replaced the wooden bridge that he had built with Gregory with one made of stone, and constructed a building that was a hospital, well, and church, which attended to the needs of the travelers. Today, it is the Casa del Santo, which is a used as a hostel by modern day pilgrims. Due to the development of these public works he is the Patron Saint of the Spanish Civil Engineers.
Alfonso VI of Castile annexed La Rioja in 1076 and seeing that Dominic’s efforts contributed to the Castilianization of the region, decided to support him and his projects. He visited Dominic in 1090 and thereafter Dominic, assisted by his follower Juan de Ortega, began construction on a church dedicated to Christ and the Virgin Mary. This was consecrated by the bishop of Calahorra in 1106.
The town of Santo Domingo de la Calzada began as a few houses built around the hermitage of the saint in his lifetime. At this death in 1109, the village had grown in population. Dominic's church, later the Cathedral of Santo Domingo de la Calzada, was where he was buried, and it was elevated to the rank of cathedral after being placed in the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Calahorra in the 1230s.
Miracles are attributed to Dominic. The most famous miracle concerns that of the rooster and the chicken, which is said to have taken place at Santo Domingo de la Calzada. The story goes that in the 14th century, a German 18-year-old named Hugonell, from Xanten, goes on pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela with his parents. A Spanish girl at the hostel where they were staying makes sexual advances toward Hugonell; Hugonell rejects her advances. Angry at this, the girl hides a silver cup in the German’s bag and then informs the authorities that the youth had taken it. Hugonell is sentenced to the gallows, in accordance with the laws of Alfonso X of Castile.
The parents sadly decide to examine their son’s body, still hanging on the gallows, but suddenly hear his voice –he tells them that Saint Dominic has saved his life. His parents quickly make their way to Santiago de Compostela to see the magistrate. The magistrate, who is at the time eating dinner, remarks: "Your son is as alive as this rooster and chicken that I was feasting on before you interrupted me." And in that moment, the two birds jump from the plate and begin to sing and crow happily. More
George Tinworth for Doulton Lambeth
Two Terracotta Biblical Plaques, circa 1880
with modelled figures in relief, one titled 'Simon A Cyrenian with The Christ' and the companion titled 'Christ Healing the Sick Man'
21cm square and 22.5cm square