Wednesday, August 10, 2016

12 Paintings, RELIGIOUS ART - Paintings from the Bible by the Old Masters, with footnotes, 2

Antoine Wiertz (1806–1865)
L'Hiver ou les Saturnales, Christmas, c. 1835
Oil on canvas
3220 x 3190mm
Musée du Louvre

Before Christmas, the Saturnalia commemorated the winter solstice, the longest night of the year, the return of longer days, the victory of light over the darkness, the promise of future harvests, honoring Saturn, god of the harvest. More

Antoine Wiertz, 1806-1865
Archangel Michael defeating the Rebel Angels
Oil on Canvas
112 x 85,5

Antoine Wiertz, 1806-1865
Scene from Hell 
Oil on Canvas

Antoine Wiertz (1806–1865)
The light of Golgotha, c. 1859
Matt paint on canvas
919 × 670 cm (361.8 × 263.8 in)
Wiertz Museum

Wiertz loved the spectacular, painting giant canvasses to indulge his thirst for the excessive, like the more than 8 metres long Greeks and Trojans fighting over the body of Patroclus. Wiertz is also known for his dramatic subjects and horror scenes, such as his Premature Burial. His most famous painting is probably Two Girls (La Belle Rosine), in which a young woman faces a skeleton, reflecting the artist's fascination with death and the fragility of human life. Wiertz also produced numerous portraits and self-portraits. More

Luca Signorelli (ca 1445-1523)
Madonna and Child with John the Baptist, Onofrio Lorenzo, Saint Herculanus and a Musical Angel (Sant’Onofrio Altarpiece), 1483-84
Oil on wood
221x189 cm
Perugia, Museo Capitolare Di San Lorenzo (Treasury Of Duomo)

John the Baptist, known as the prophet Yahya in the Qur'an, was a Jewish itinerant preacher in the early first century AD. John is revered as a major religious figure in Christianity, Islam, the Bahá'í Faith, and Mandaeism. He is called a prophet by all of these traditions, and honoured as a saint in many Christian traditions.

John used baptism as the central sacrament of his messianic movement.[ Most scholars agree that John baptized Jesus. Scholars generally believe Jesus was a follower or disciple of John and several New Testament accounts report that some of Jesus' early followers had previously been followers of John. John the Baptist is also mentioned by the Jewish historian Josephus. Some scholars maintain that John was influenced by the semi-ascetic Essenes, who expected an apocalypse and practiced rituals corresponding strongly with baptism, although no direct evidence substantiates this.

According to the New Testament, John anticipated a messianic figure greater than himself, and Jesus was the one whose coming John foretold. Christians commonly refer to John as the precursor or forerunner of Jesus, since John announces Jesus' coming. John is also identified with the prophet Elijah. More

Onuphrius or Onoufrios, "he-who-is-continuingly-good", venerated as Saint Onuphrius in both the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Catholic Churches; Venerable Onuphrius in Eastern Orthodoxy and Saint Nofer the Anchorite in Oriental Orthodoxy, lived as a hermit in the desert of Upper Egypt in the 4th or 5th centuries. More

Saint Herculanus (died ca. 550 AD) was a bishop of Brescia.

Pieter Coecke van Aelst the Elder and Workshop
AELST 1502 - 1550 BRUSSELS
oil on panel
88 x 64.1 cm.; 34 5/8  x 25 1/4  in.

Pieter Coecke van Aelst or Pieter Coecke van Aelst the Elder (Aalst, 14 August 1502 – Brussels, 6 December 1550) was a Flemish painter, sculptor, architect, author and designer of woodcuts, stained glass and tapestries. His principal subjects were Christian religious themes. He worked in Antwerp and Brussels and was appointed court painter to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.

Coecke van Aelst was a polyglot. He published translations of Ancient Roman and modern Italian architectural treatises into Flemish (Dutch), French and German. These publications played a crucial role in spreading Renaissance ideas to the Low Countries. They contributed to the transition in Northern Europe from the late Gothic style then prevalent towards a modern "antique-oriented" architecture. More

Herri met de Bles, (c. 1510 – c. 1555–1560)
signed with the owl device upper left
oil on panel
76 x 113 cm.; 30 x 44 1/2  in

Herri Met de Bles became the undisputed master of the new genre of landscape painting in the southern Netherlands following the death of Joachim Patinir in 1524. He would make for himself a lasting reputation that spread as far as Prague where Rudolph II owned several of his works. His landscapes provide the stylistic link between the landscapes of Patinir and Bruegel. This is a particularly large example of his work and is a composition to which he returned on several occasions. More

Herri met de Bles, (c. 1510 – c. 1555–1560) was a Flemish Northern Renaissance and Mannerist landscape painter, native of Bouvignes or Dinant (present-day Belgium). Very little is positively known about the artist. He is believed to be identical to a certain Herry de Patenir who joined Antwerp's Guild of St. Luke in 1535 as a painter. He may have been related to the landscape painter Joachim Patinir, although he may not have trained under him because of the age difference.

He may have visited Italy but there is no documentary evidence for this. His work was popular in Italy, where he was known as ‘Civetta’ because of the little owl that often appears in his paintings. The 17th-century biographer Karel van Mander regarded this motif as his signature. The name Herri met de Bles translates literally from Dutch as Herri with the blaze and was reportedly given him because of his characteristic white forelock. More

Herri met de Bles (circa 1510–after 1555)
Landscape with Saint John the Baptist Preaching, circa 1550
Oil on wood
Height: 530 mm (20.87 in). Width: 1,020 mm (40.16 in).
Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya

Herri met de Bles, (c. 1510 – c. 1555–1560), see above

Herri met de Bles (circa 1510–after 1555)
Landscape with Saint John the Baptist Preaching, circa 1550
Detail, Left

Herri met de Bles (circa 1510–after 1555)
Landscape with Saint John the Baptist Preaching, circa 1550
Detail, Right

Herri met de Bles (circa 1510–after 1555)
St. John the Baptist Preaching to the Multitude
Oil on panel
York Museums Trust

Herri met de Bles, (c. 1510 – c. 1555–1560), see above

Seventeenth century Dutch School
Saint John the Baptist preaching

José Campeche y Jordán (December 23, 1751 – November 7, 1809), is the first known Puerto Rican visual artist and considered by art critics as one of the best rococo artists in the Americas. Campeche y Jordán loved to use colors that referenced the landscape of Puerto Rico, as well as the social and political crème de la crème. More

Bartolomé Esteban Murillo (1617 – 1682) was a Spanish Baroque painter. Although he is best known for his religious works, Murillo also produced a considerable number of paintings of contemporary women and children. These lively, realist portraits of flower girls, street urchins, and beggars constitute an extensive and appealing record of the everyday life of his times. More

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