Thursday, August 15, 2019

01 Works RELIGIOUS ART - Interpretation of the bible, With Footnotes - 126

Early Netherlandish School, 16th Century
The Virgin and Child
Oil on panel
45 x 35 cm, framed 
Private collection

The present Madonna and Child is based on a type developed by Gerard David in the second decade of the sixteenth century, such as in his Madonna and Child at the Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts in Brussels (inv. no. 3559). The composition spread among the artists of Gerard’s immediate circle and was returned to by the subsequent generation of artists for small devotional paintings. In terms of the figurative style, the present painting is close to the works of Cornelis van Cleve, who may have been familiar with the composition through his father, Joos van Cleve. More on this painting

The Madonna and Child or The Virgin and Child is often the name of a work of art which shows the Virgin Mary and the Child Jesus. The word Madonna means "My Lady" in Italian. Artworks of the Christ Child and his mother Mary are part of the Roman Catholic tradition in many parts of the world including Italy, Spain, Portugal, France, South America and the Philippines. Paintings known as icons are also an important tradition of the Orthodox Church and often show the Mary and the Christ Child. They are found particularly in Eastern Europe, Russia, Egypt, the Middle East and India. More on The Madonna and Child

Early Netherlandish painting is the work of artists active in the Burgundian and Habsburg Netherlands during the 15th- and 16th-century Northern Renaissance; especially in the flourishing cities of Bruges, Ghent, Mechelen, Louvain, Tournai and Brussels, all in contemporary Belgium. Their work follows the International Gothic style and begins approximately with Robert Campin and Jan van Eyck in the early 1420s. It lasts at least until the death of Gerard David in 1523, although many scholars extend it to the start of the Dutch Revolt in 1566 or 1568 Early Netherlandish painting coincides with the Early and High Italian Renaissance but is seen as an independent artistic culture, separate from the Renaissance humanism that characterised developments in Italy. Because these painters represent the culmination of the northern European medieval artistic heritage and the incorporation of Renaissance ideals, they are sometimes categorised as belonging to both the Early Renaissance and Late Gothic. More on the Netherlandish School

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