Mythology is the study and interpretation of often sacred tales or fables of a culture known as 'myths' or the collection of such stories which usually deal with the human condition, good and evil, human origins, life and death, the afterlife, and the gods. Myths express the beliefs and values about these subjects held by a certain culture. Ancient History Encyclopedia
Saturday, November 16, 2019
01 Work, RELIGIOUS ART - Interpretation of the bible, With Footnotes - 174
Francesco Zaganelli, (c. 1475–1532)
St. Lucy Tempera and gold on wood 12 3/8 x 7 3/4 in. (31.4 x 19.7 cm) Metropolitan Museum of Art
Saint Lucy, Italian Santa Lucia (died 304, Syracuse,
Sicily), virgin and martyr who was one of the earliest Christian saints
to achieve popularity, having a widespread following before the 5th century.
She is the patron saint of the city of Syracuse (Sicily). Because of various
traditions associating her name with light, she came to be thought of as the
patron of sight.
from a wealthy Sicilian family. Spurning marriage and worldly goods, however,
she vowed to remain a virgin in the tradition of St. Agatha. An angry suitor
reported her to the local Roman authorities, who sentenced her to be removed to
a brothel and forced into prostitution. This order was thwarted, according to
legend, by divine intervention; Lucy became immovable and could not be carried
away. She was next condemned to death by fire, but she proved impervious to the
flames. Finally, her neck was pierced by a sword and she died.
Lucy was a victim of the wave of persecution of Christians
that occurred late in the reign of the Roman emperor Diocletian. References to
her are found in early Roman sacramentaries and, at Syracuse, in an inscription
dating from 400 ce. As evidence of her early fame, two churches are known to
have been dedicated to her in Britain before the 8th century, at a time when
the land was largely pagan. More Saint Lucy
The emblem of eyes on a cup or plate apparently reflects popular devotion to her as
protector of sight. Lucia (from the Latin word "lux" which means
"light"). In paintings St. Lucy is frequently shown holding her eyes
on a golden plate. She also holds the palm branch, symbol of victory over
evil. More The emblem of eyes
Francesco da Cotignola (c. 1475-1532), also called Zaganelli, was an Italian painter of the Renaissance period, active mainly in Parma and Ravenna. He was a pupil of the painter Niccolo Rondinelli. He painted for Basilica of Sant'Apollinare in Classe near Ravenna, Faenza, and Parma. His brother, Bernardino, was also a painter, but nowhere as successful as what Francesco was able to do. He was likely also family of Girolamo Marchesi da Cotignola.
In his native Cotignola he shared his workshop with his brother Bernardino Zaganelli (1499-1519). Their first known joint work is the Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints John the Baptist and Floriano and Three Angels (1499). Their last is the Holy Family (1509). After the abandonment of his brother, who left the workshop in 1509, Francesco, who until then had worked mainly in tempera, took up new directions by taking an interest in woodcut.
He died in Ravenna in 1532 , leaving the construction of a pictorial cycle unfinished in the Basilica of Sant'Apollinare in Classe . He was buried in the basilica, as he had requested. More on Francesco da Cotignola