Sunday, March 12, 2017

11 Carvings & Sculpture from the Bible! 15 & 16th Century. With Footnote, # 9

Carved in wood, polychrome and gilt
H. 90 cm
Private Collection

Full-figure representation of the Virgin Mary in an S-shape; the Christ Child with a ball, on her left arm.

The Madonna and Child or The Virgin and Child is often the name of a work of art which shows the Virgin Mary and the Child Jesus. The word Madonna means "My Lady" in Italian. Artworks of the Christ Child and his mother Mary are part of the Roman Catholic tradition in many parts of the world including Italy, Spain, Portugal, France, South America and the Philippines. Paintings known as icons are also an important tradition of the Orthodox Church and often show the Mary and the Christ Child. They are found particularly in Eastern Europe, Russia, Egypt, the Middle East and India. More Madonna and Child

MOTHER OF GOD WITH THE CHRIST CHILD,  Flanders, 17th century
Carved in stained dark Wood
H. 76 cm.
Private Collection

Full-length and frontal representation of Mother of God, a bouquet of flowers in her right hand and the infant Christ on her left arm. 

Carved in wood, polychrome and gilded
H. 88 cm
Private Collection

A massive state monumental representation of the enthroned Madonna. In her right hand she holds a lily on her left knee is the Blessing Christ Child with a globe.

KNEELING ANGEL ALTAR, Southern German, 17th century
Carved in wood
H. 62 cm. 
Private Collection

Above a stylized cloud, a kneeling angel with folded hands, in a richly pleated garment .

Carved in wood, dark stained or painted in color
H. 11 cm
Private Collection

ECCE HOMO, Flanders, 17 and 18 century
Carved in wood, polychrome paint
H. 42.5 cm, W. 28 cm
Private Collection

Christ as a man in pain, sitting on a covered wall. His hands are tied, on his head he wears a crown of thorns.

Ecce homo are the Latin words used by Pontius Pilate in the Vulgate translation of John 19:5, when he presents a scourged Jesus Christ, bound and crowned with thorns, to a hostile crowd shortly before his Crucifixion. The Douay-Rheims Bible translates the phrase into English as "Behold the man!" [John 19:5] The scene has been widely depicted in Christian art. More Ecce homo

SAINT JOHN Southern German, 18th century
Carved in wood, polychrome paint
H. 75 cm
Private Collection

The disciple John, wearing a richly pleated garment.

The phrase the disciple whom Jesus loved, or the disciple beloved of Jesus is used six times in the Gospel of John, but in no other New Testament accounts of Jesus. The Gospel of John is based on the written testimony of this disciple. More disciple John

Archangel Michael Defeating the Devil, Southern German, 18th century
Carved in wood, polychrome paint
 H. 100 cm.
Private Collection

Archangel Michael in full armor with a sword of fire, with the devil defeated and chained

ARCHANGEL MICHAEL, is an archangel in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. In Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Anglican, and Lutheran traditions, he is called "Saint Michael the Archangel" and "Saint Michael". In the Oriental Orthodox and Eastern Orthodox traditions, he is called "Taxiarch Archangel Michael" or simply "Archangel Michael".

Michael is mentioned three times in the Book of Daniel, once as a "great prince who stands up for the children of your people". The idea that Michael was the advocate of the Jews became so prevalent that, in spite of the rabbinical prohibition against appealing to angels as intermediaries between God and his people, Michael came to occupy a certain place in the Jewish liturgy.

In the New Testament Michael leads God's armies against Satan's forces in the Book of Revelation, where during the war in heaven he defeats Satan. In the Epistle of Jude Michael is specifically referred to as "the archangel Michael". Christian sanctuaries to Michael appeared in the 4th century, when he was first seen as a healing angel, and then over time as a protector and the leader of the army of God against the forces of evil. By the 6th century, devotions to Archangel Michael were widespread both in the Eastern and Western Churches. Over time, teachings on Michael began to vary among Christian denominations. More Archangel Michael

JOHN THE BAPTIST, Southern German, 18th century
Carved in wood, polychrome and gilded
H. 132.5 cm
Private Collection

John the Baptist in moving attitude, a richly pleated robe and the camel fur robe.

John the Baptist (sometimes called John in the Wilderness) was the subject of at least eight paintings by the Italian Baroque artist Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (1571–1610).

The story of John the Baptist is told in the Gospels. John was the cousin of Jesus, and his calling was to prepare the way for the coming of the Messiah. He lived in the wilderness of Judea between Jerusalem and the Dead Sea, "his raiment of camel's hair, and a leather girdle about his loins; and his meat was locusts and wild honey." He baptised Jesus in the Jordan, and was eventually killed by Herod Antipas when he called upon the king to reform his evil ways. More John the Baptist

SAINT ANTHONY OF PADUA BY CHRIST CHILD, Northern Italy, 18th century 
Carved in wood, polychrome
H. 49.5 cm. 
Private Collection

Stylized cloud base with two putti heads. Saint Anthony with slightly bowed head in a monk's robe and holding the Christ Child.

Saint Anthony of Padua (Portuguese: Santo António), born Fernando Martins de Bulhões (1195 – 13 June 1231), also known as Anthony of Lisbon, was a Portuguese Catholic priest and friar of the Franciscan Order. He was born and raised by a wealthy family in Lisbon, Portugal, and died in Padua, Italy. Noted by his contemporaries for his forceful preaching, expert knowledge of scripture, and undying love and devotion to the poor and the sick, he was the second-most-quickly canonized saint after Peter of Verona. He was proclaimed a Doctor of the Church on 16 January 1946. He is also the patron saint of lost things. More

SAINT JAMES, German, 18th century
Carved in wood 
H. 94.5 cm
Private Collection

St. James with a downwardly head, wearing a richly pleated garment.

James, son of Zebedee ( died 44 AD) was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus, and traditionally considered the first apostle to be martyred. He was a son of Zebedee and Salome, and brother of John the Apostle. He is also called James the Greater or James the Great to distinguish him from James, son of Alphaeus and James the brother of Jesus (James the Just). James the son of Zebedee is the patron saint of Spaniards, and as such is often identified as Santiago.

The Acts of the Apostles records that "Herod the king" had James executed by sword. He is the only apostle whose martyrdom is recorded in the New Testament. He is, thus, traditionally believed to be the first of the twelve apostles martyred for his faith. More Saint James

Acknowledgement: Hargesheimer Kunstauktionen Dusseldorf, and others

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